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Mosè Bianchi, il carro del vinaio

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MOSÈ BIANCHI (Monza 1840 - 1904) IL CARRO DEL VINAIO (The vinter's carriage) 1885-1887
Black ink, black chalk, tempera and watercolour; 283 x 467 mm. Signed in black chalk at bottom right Mosè Bianchi.
PROVENANCE:
On the verso a Chinese or Japanese black stamped mark, with an unread inscription in black ink and the date 11 febbraio 1920.
Reverendo Parroco Don Carlo Elli. The drawing was property of Don Elli when it was exhibited at the Mostra Commemorativa di Mosè Bianchi, Villa Reale, Monza, May-October 1924.
Private collection, Milan
LITERATURE:
The drawing was mentioned by Guido Marangoni in his catalogue Mosè Bianchi, Bergamo, 1924, p. 138.
Paolo Biscottini, Mosè Bianchi. Catalogo ragionato, Milan, 1996; no. 391 with the date 1885-1887.
The location of the scene, as kindly Alessandro Salamone indicates to me, is the Ponte di San Gerardino, in Monza.

Mosè Bianchi enrolled at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, Milan, in 1856. In 1859 he temporarily abandoned his studies to fight in the second Italian War of Independence, returning to Milan to study under Giuseppe Bertini. Among his fellow students was Tranquillo Cremona, whose involvement with the Scapigliati later had an impact on Bianchi’s work.  In 1862 Bianchi exhibited his first large-scale independently painting. He continued to exhibit regularly and in 1866 he was awarded the Pensionato Oggioni, which enabled him to visit Venice, Paris and Rome.  During this period Bianchi met the artists Mariano Fortuny y Marsal and Ernest Meissonier, and the dealer Goupil, who inspired him to produce a series of 18th-century genre scenes. Eighteenth-century influences, especially the work of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, were also important for his many fresco cycles. Bianchi continued to attract attention with his views of Chioggia and Milan, these frequently providing the background for genre scenes. He was also a sensitive portraitist and made etchings. Notwithstanding his intense activity and continued public success, Bianchi spent his final years in poverty, assisted by his nephew, the painter Pompeo Mariani.

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